CHOOSING A HARDWOOD FLOOR
Wood flooring adds beauty and value to your home. You are making a very important decision when choosing to install hardwood floors in your home, but before you make that decision, let us help you choose the right flooring and materials that will do the job right and help you enjoy your new wood flooring.
Some people may not know the difference between solid oak and engineered wood floors or prefinished floors. The difference between solid wood and engineered wood is that solid wood is ¾" solid versus engineered wood, which is layers of plywood and a thin top of oak or other kinds of wood.
The solid oak can be sanded up to six or seven times and the engineered wood floor can be sanded only once, probably twice at the most.
Here at Richards Capet and Tile we prefer to work with solid wood flooring because we consider it the best alternative and we want to make our customers happy by offering them the best wood flooring in their homes.
Many companies work on solid wood floors, using their own methods, but there is only one way to do it right, and that is the way that we do it at Richards Capet and Tile. Before we install the wood floor, we prepare the concrete slab. If there is a need to level the concrete, we use a level float and then we check the moisture making sure it is ready for the floor installation.
HOW ITS DONE
Nail down floor:
- Use 800 Everlock,
- 1X4 or 2X4 screeds,
- 15 Lbs. Felt paper in top of the screeds;
- Nail the floor in top of the paper on screeds, for that we use 1-1/2" or 1-3/4" powercleat nails, we use manual nailers because they don't let the wood to tight and they helps a lot to the floor can stay longer time.
- We leave ½" space around the walls to let the floor expand.
This is the way to do the nail down floor. And we been doing it this way for long time, and this is the only way we minimize errors.
Mastic, or adhesive is spread on with a notched trowel on to the subfloor to adhere the wood flooring to the subfloor.
SANDING & FINISHING
Sanding and finishing it is also only one way to do the job right, and we choose to do it right to satisfy our consumers.
It is a good process:
- We use a hummel machine belt sander. We run the machine under crossing grain with 36 grain paper to help put the floor back on level and we run the machine and follow the grain with the same 36 grit paper. Sometimes the floor doesn't need 36 grit paper, sometimes we use 50 and 80 grit paper.
- We use 80 and 100 grit screen, and we buffer the floor with that as much as possible to make the floor smooth.
- We use vacuum cleaner and dust mop to pick up most of the dust.
- Staining with the color of your choice.
- We buffer and put two coats of finish.
This is the best way to sand and finish a wood floor. Because of our methods, we have lot of satisfied customers.
DIFFERENT QUALITIES OF SOLID WOOD
- Clear. It is free of defects although it may have minor imperfections.
- Select & Better: It has more clean looking grain, is almost clear, but contains more natural characteristics such as knots and color variations.
- Common- Grades (No. 1 and No. 2): This wood has more markings because of the natural features and the character they bring to a room. It has a variegated appearance, light and dark colors, knots, worm holes; is rustic in appearance and allow all wood characteristics of the species.